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The Reason Why it’s Difficult for Dragons to Emerge in a Small Stream

 A famous Korean saying, ‘A dragon is born in a small stream’ means that a person succeeds in a difficult environment (family background) or condition. It does not sound right because it degrades parents to ‘a small stream’ but the small stream which makes a man successful is not small anymore so I would like to use that expression.

Nowadays, there is no dragon born from a small stream according to various statistics. In Korea, students can get higher marks in university entrance examination if those students are under wealthy parents. In Canada, the rate of graduation differs depending on parents’ salaries as well as countries where parents are immigrated from. In Unites States, there is a statistics saying that SAT scores of children are dependant on parents’ salaries. There are several reasons why dragons have disappeared from small streams. 

1. Economic and social structure
Since Korea has kept a rigid socioeconomic structure for a long time, talent hunt has been inefficient. When looked at socially, smart people did not have chances to study because in Joseon Dynasty, they were born as slaves, and in colonial period, they were busy to participate in independence movement. Also in the period of Korean War, people were busy to fight. Under dictatorship, people lose opportunities to study as they live ‘honestly’.

When looked economically, people have lost chances without owning land, a factory, or a capital. Moreover, being employed in a corrupted way such as based on blood relationship also has allowed dragons to live in a small stream forever. 

2. Heredity
Intelligence is inherited from parents. Experts say that 40 % of intelligence is inherited by parents. 60% comes from environment and education. However, today’s genetics reveal that human’s body structure is more influenced by heredity effect than what we expect. Not only genetics but statistics also states that one’s academic achievement can be known when we see his or her real parents, not step parents. Lately, in the book named Freakonomics, children’s successes are already determined when people choose their spouses. This means that dragons give birth to dragons. 

3. Compulsory Education
Education has been obligatory since 1960 so that almost everyone in Korea has received chances of education. Because of this opportunity, people who had not have recognized themselves as dragons now know their skills and abilities and pursue a big dream. The dragons are born from small streams. However, in fact, dragons in small streams give birth to other dragons. In any countries in the world where stability is ensured and has certain conditions above, such things can happen. It is commonsense that wealthy parents whether they are in Canada, Korea or the United States, send their sons and daughters to prestige universities. Even in Brazil’s state universities which provide free education are filled with rich students. Good universities in relatively stable countries in Europe are also dominated by students with wealthy backgrounds. Now it gets harder to produce dragons in small streams anymore. Then are there any ways to make our children dragons and parents be dragons’ parents? I will deal with this topic later. 

Freakonomics is a book containing contents which economists do not handle. Also it has themes that are not directly related to Economics. The most attracting themes are crime and corruption.  

Also it deals with issues such as racism, abortion, and education. The cause and effect relationship of things such as corruption and crime that we believe to be true are analyzed statistically and economically. The book also shows unexpected results. 

Major contents of the book

1. Common thing between teachers and sumo players

-they commit corruption

2. Common thing between real estate broker and KKK

-they get powers owning information which others do not have

3. Why do drug dealers live with their mothers?

-their salaries are not good

4. Where did many criminals go?

-they are not born because they are aborted.

5. How are perfect parents created?

-there are no perfect parents.

6. What influences do parents give to their children?

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